Knowledge Bearing is about channeling that drive to other people. ‘bad’ behavior is that which is disapproved by others; [and] Stage 4: ‘good’ behavior conforms to standards set by social institutions. Candidates, this is the fourth in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. Take care of the little things and the big things will take care of themselves. Thank you for your enlightening post. Integrity is the cornerstone of leadership. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE. In reality, though, leaders are not effective because they are the knowledge holders. When followers see leaders acting with integrity, they are more likely to want to emulate that quality. Today’s complex and knowledge-intensive world requires the kind of bottom-up leadership that Marine NCO’s undertake every day. And beyond all other excellent traits, there is one that not only “fits-in” but “stands-out” as virtue: Justice In many military situations, a timely, though inferior, decision is better than a long-delayed theoretically correct, decision. According to Kohlberg, few adults ever reach the highest level of moral development, wherein the impetus to behave one way or another and the criteria for morals are “based on universal, abstract principles which may transcend the laws of a particular society” and encompass the two stages as follows: “Stage 5: ‘good’ behavior conforms to community standards set through democratic participation. Those who get it express it through dedication and professional performance of duty. Northouse (2016) delves into Kohlberg’s classification of moral reasoning in more detail, explaining that individuals who have developed Postconventional morality, are operating on ethical principles that are supported by social contract and based on “internalized universal principles of justice that apply to everyone” (Northouse loc. Courage is never an easy commodity to find, whether it’s disciplining a subordinate, standing up to superiors, or facing swarms of charging enemies. "JJ DID TIE BUCKLE" is a mneumonic device Marines use to remember the Marine Corps.' Northouse (2015) describes the strengths of skills based approach and the first one listed the ability to learn. One of the things which really struck me about this list was that unlike most of the leadership theories we’ve studied in our PSYCH 485 course, morality seems to be the core focus, referring to the concepts presented in leadership ethics. A LIFE WELL LIVED. 6791, 2016). If something needs correcting, correct it. Integrity in a leader is reflected by honesty as well as a desire to inspire and a devotion of values that the leader constantly tried to communicate to those he or she leads. I know it’s such a picky thing but if we use the definitions provided to us I am not sure these are traits which is not a judgmental statement. Attitude shapes your beliefs. Justice – Justice is defined as the fair and impartial assignment of merited rewards and punishments. Being tactful comes with training and maturity but it’s also determined by making the right decisions – the right decisions about what to say, when to say it, how to say it, and who to say it to. If a Marine truly embodies all the virtues of JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, “Justice; Judgement; Dependability; Initiative; Decisiveness; Tact; Integrity; Enthusiasm; Bearing; Unselfishness; Courage; Knowledge; Loyalty; Endurance;” (Fry, 2016) they would reflect Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC, 2016)’s highest level, Preconventional level, of moral reasoning. These concepts are more than just words to Marines, they must mean something to every leader in order that they be truly be understood and carried in one’s heart and mind throughout life. At the Preconventional level, a person’s basis for right and wrong is mostly rooted in self-interest, and usually either fear induced, such as wanting to avoid punishment or motivated by reward, stage 1 being bad behavior is punishable and stage 2, good behavior merits reward. Without the aid of references, given a definition, identify the leadership trait. They are rooted in the “good man”/ fellow person–the highest accolade that can be bestowed on any of us. Justice is the practice of being fair and consistent. When we’re enthusiastic about something, we’re willing to sacrifice for it. A physician can almost always diagnose a patient’s illness by what kinds of medications a patient is taking. Unselfishness. And they do this most particularly in difficult situations. To be a great leader, we must get better at many these and then build a team that compliments our weaker areas. People who are enthusiastic about a cause will sacrifice time and money for it. They set an example for others to follow in both attitude and behavior. SAGE Publications. Think outside the box, try new things, and consider new solutions to existing problems. Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Courage The Handbook for Marine NCOs has the following advice for modern Marines: “Make sound and timely decisions. Subordinates express loyalty to that sort of caring leadership by positively and efficiently carrying out the leader’s orders and instructions. Decisiveness In the Marines, we had an acronym, JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, to help us recall the 14 leadership traits of the Corps: judgment, justice, decisiveness, initiative, dependability, tact, integrity, endurance… Some are simply marking time, with little or no interest in making valuable contributions to the organization. Rather, the best leaders are the ones who make knowledge available to their teams and understand how best to deploy that knowledge in the best possible manner. Choose from 500 different sets of usmc leadership traits flashcards on Quizlet. In a similar way, an outsider can to a large degree tell what kind of leader a person is by the character values they adhere to. Integrity But this does not mean Marines spend their entire time in the Corps locked at attention. The Marine Corps seeks to instill leadership in each and every single Marine as they progress through Recruit Training or Officer Candidate School. Research indicates that most people make decisions intuitively rather than analytically more than 90 percent of the time. Initiative. Subordinates express loyalty to that sort of caring leadership by positively and efficiently carrying out the leader’s orders and instructions. There’s only one thing that no one can take away from you. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Moreover, the qualities which you indicated are meant to dignify persons affiliated with the Marines, as well as equip them with the attitude and view of the world that reflects those virtuous characteristics. PSYCH 485: Leadership in Work Settings. LEADERSHIP TRAITS AND PRINCIPLES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. Courage is doing what’s right, adhering to a higher standard of personal conduct; to lead by example and to make tough decisions under stress and pressure. Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing, Unselfishness, Courage, Knowledge, Loyalty,& Enthusiasm. This guideline doesn’t advise acting in extreme haste; rather, it advises avoiding “analysis Paralysis.” It argues that with 70 percent of the possible knowledge, having completed 70 percent of the analysis, and with a confidence rate of about 70 percent, the time is right to make an informed judgment. Leaders have consistency in crisis and do not over commit. I am very proud of America’s Marines based upon the 14 Leadership Traits I read for the first time here. At the end of the battle, only three Marines from Basilone’s machinegun crew were still standing. The leader with integrity can rarely if ever relax a commitment to what he or she believes is the behavior that best reflects those closely held values. If something must be done, then it must be done, even if the best resources or relevant training aren’t available. Integrity is not lying. When leadership is defined in this manner, it becomes available to everyone” (Northouse, 2016). Congratulations to YOU, Marines–Americans all–for your virtues and service. Ethical theories, Northouse (2016) describes as falling into two broad categories, either the aspect of a leader’s conduct or character. At all times, Marines conduct themselves in a manner in keeping with the tremendous trust our Nation places in them. What I got from your comments is that these characteristics give a sense of purpose and meaning to who the Marines are, and what individuals are expected to represent. "Fortune favors the bold." Given that background, the tactful leader chooses the language or behavior that will help the people in his audience to motivate themselves. A Marine with bearing is driven toward a goal with purpose, jumping at opportunities with self-improvement that increase his ability to reach that goal. Marine Corps Leadership Traits - USMC Sports Leadership Academy Marine Corps Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. The precursor to the Marine Corps' 14 Leadership Traits (Bearing, Courage, Decisiveness, Dependability, Endurance, Enthusiasm, Initiative, Integrity, Judgment, Justice, Knowledge, Loyalty, Tact, and Unselfishness) originally appeared in the Department of the Army Pamphlet No. Basilone endured with a pair of burned hands. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. Judgement Penn State World Campus (2016). A hero one day may be a catatonic wreck the next. Timeliness is also important as soundness. Learn usmc leadership traits with free interactive flashcards. Knowledge goes beyond the facts of the job; it is also knowledge of your team: who they are and what motivates them. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. The most loyal Marine or employee is not necessarily the one who has held the job longest. They look out for the welfare of their teams beyond simple job descriptions, legal concerns, and even their own personal comfort. In fact I feel it is better for all involved if applying our definitions we view these as skills. Ethics, which is a concept attributed back to ancient philosophers, Plato (427-347 b.c.) Until recent reading for this course I never really thought to ask the question that now I can’t stop asking myself…are these traits? The Marine Corps refers to the “70 Percent Solution,” meaning an imperfect solution that can be acted upon quickly, rather than waiting for the perfect judgment – which may never come. You are the one leading the way and if you are not … Leadership. Without knowledge, it’s tough to make solid judgment calls. Loyalty • Know your Marines and look out for their welfare. If you do bad, you will be held accountable. Unselfishness and Aristotle (384-322 b.c.) Those theories that only “great” people possessed a list of traits like this. If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. LIFE IN THE MARINE CORPS BATTLES WELL FOUGHT. The best way to memorize these traits are with the acronym “JJ DID TIE BUCKLE” At the second level, behaving morally is determined by social convention or hoping for other’s approval: “Stage 3: ‘good’ behavior is that which is approved by others. Initiative is taking action even though you haven’t been given orders. Even when the requirements are difficult, enthusiastic leaders set aside any negative aspects of the mission and focus on the positive energy they can bring to the table. They can take your life, they can take your savings, they can take your property, they can take everything you’ve got… but the one thing no one can take from you is you integrity, your honor. What really stood out to me in our readings was that Peter Northouse described leadership as a process and isn’t a “linear, one-way event, but rather an interactive event. This opportunity to look at this list of skills and consider my own organizational language is very helpful. I have summarized each trait below, using verbatim text in most cases, based on what I took away from each section in Backbone. Candidates, this is a post in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. Core USMC leadership traits and principles include endurance. It is the inner strength that enables a Marine to take that extra step. The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Tact Leadership is not a thing; it is a relationship. This is interesting in application to the Marine Corps leadership principles, as the list encompasses characteristics of both conduct and character, which exemplifies a wholistic ethical approach to leadership. I’ve been in the Marines for over 10 years now and I thought it’d be a good idea to relate this week’s lesson to my experiences in the Marine Corps. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE is an acronym used by Marines representing their 14 leadership traits. It is knowledge of the culture in which you work, so that you understand what your superior’s goals and missions are. People who are enthusiastic about their jobs will make personal sacrifices to spend time at work and educate themselves to do a better job. Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. The highest echelon of Marine Corps leadership from the Civilian, Enlisted and Officer Corps Never let the sun go down on a soldier’s pay problem. 22 … Initiative Previously, I would have labeled them as traits but now I begin to question that terminology. “ethics has its roots in the Greek word ethos, which translates to ‘customs’, ‘conduct’, or ‘character’” (as cited in Northouse loc. Leadership Traits. Live by these traits always. Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC lesson 14, 2016) who philosophized and observed moral reasoning in human behaviors, came up with a classification for what he determined to be 6 stages of moral reasoning, which he grouped into three levels, Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional. • Be technically and tactically proficient. In a military environment, identify the leadership traits and principles of the Marine Corps, per the reference ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. Study the leadership traits and other lessons ahead of time on our academics page.. I feel that Julia Dye does a great job summarizing the leadership traits in her book “BACKBONE”. Unselfish leaders make decisions that benefit as many as possible, without worrying too much about themselves. I read it a couple of times to reflect how my own organization values this list and whether we had appropriately articulated those traits or not. Sharing knowledge with subordinates can feel to some leaders as though they are giving up control, and they may be loathe to do so. 6832, 2016), which is what I got from the leadership qualities of the Marines, and which you mentioned are expected to be upheld by everyone in the society which makes up the Marine Corps. Endurance Be Technically And Tactically Proficient. • Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates. It’s not easy. It is extremely important for each Marine to understand the meaning of each leadership trait and how to develop it so that they may know what goals to set as they work to become a good leader and a good follower. May 22, 2016 by Michael David Fry 3 Comments. Each letter in the acronym corresponds to the first letter of one of the 14 USMC Leadership Traits. She writes: “If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. Marine Corps leadership traits are relevant in both the Marine Corps and civilian society. Find a way to take the initiative; don’t do it for the recognition or for the glory, do it to help accomplish the mission. TO make a sound decision, you should know your mission, what you are capable of doing to accomplish it, what means you have to accomplish it, and what possible impediments or obstacles exist (in combat, these would be enemy capabilities) that might stand in the way. You have to voluntarily give that up. Integrity. Leadership: Theory and Practice (Kindle Locations). By remembering the acronym, they will be able to recall the traits, and use JJDIDTIEBUCKLE to guide … Great leaders do both. Kindle Edition. Knowledge Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. Judgment The 14 leadership traits are attributes leaders must posses if they hope to ever gain the respect, and loyalty of their Marines. Marines say that’s totally unacceptable. Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished; Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. Adaptability. Enthusiasm Tact is the ability to say something or make a point in such a way that not only is the other person not offended; they are totally receptive. By study, instruction, and practice, a reasonably intelligent person can become an effective leader, Officer candidates should be guided in their actions throughout the program by the leadership traits and principles contained in Navy and Marine Corps Directive (NAV MC DIR) 1500.58 Marine Corps Mentoring Program Guidebook and Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 6-11 Leading Marines. Enthusiasm You mentioned that these 14 traits of Marine Corps leadership are valued as “qualities of thought and action”, which in other words reflects awareness and service to others, qualities attributed to servant leadership (as cited in Northouse, 2016). Justice We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. When asked questions you respond truthfully at all times. Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. Marines are taught qualities of Justice, Judgement, Initiative and Decisiveness which all characterize the element of ethics which is to direct and guide people’s conduct, as ethics informs the decisions leaders make or how they respond to different circumstances and situations (Northouse loc. You mentioned in your post that these traits are more than just a list to be memorized, but that they must be internalized by every Marine. Be Technically and Tactically Proficient. Ultimately, this means that leadership can be learned by an individual. • Set the example. Stage 6: ‘good’ behavior is a matter of individual conscience based on responsibly chosen commitments to ethical principles” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). Initiative 6791, 2016). The higher the stage, the more progressed and complex a person is capable of reasoning, in Kohlberg’s view. - This is one of the most important of the leadership principles. Dependability ‘bad’ behavior results in feelings of guilt or dishonor” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). If you really … “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE JJDIDTIEBUCKLE . The terms troops, Marines, and employees can be used interchangeably. “First, it is a leader-centered model that stresses the importance of the leader’s abilities, and it places learned skills the center of effective leadership.” (p. 69). Men and women who are enthusiastic about being Marines understand that sacrifice might come at a very high price. You’re the owner of your integrity. During the battle of Guadalcanal, Marine John Basilone exemplified endurance when he manned his machine gun non-stop for three days and nights without sleep, rest, or food stalling the efforts of an entire enemy regiment. This is a cooler way of saying that you make your own luck. Often, leaders must assess situations quickly and without significant time to reflect. Your post was very interesting to me. There is concern with maintaining self-respect and the respect of equals. I highly recommend acquiring a copy of the book for reference and for the great history lessons. Leadership Principles and Traits Marine Corps Leadership Principles • Know yourself and seek self-improvement. Bearing The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. A leader must make a conscientious effort to observe his Marines and how they react to different situations. A lot of people are resistant in the face of change, even if it is just simple disruption to … A just person gives consideration to each side of a situation and bases rewards or punishments on merit. To me if we were to refer to this list as skills or behaviors it would be much more accurate and, in the end more, desirable. An Army officer sums up what makes Marines different, “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, USMC Tattoo – EGA STENCIL: Eagle Globe & Anchor LINE ART. Tact is the ability to communicate in the language that best allows a listener to understand the message or meaning that’s being communicated and to be motivated to act upon it. Print. Dependability After all, an organization is only as good as its people. J ustice: Giving reward and punishment according to the merits of the case in question. It takes more than a little self-discipline. Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. 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