Strategic Alliance: Also known as a strategic partnership, a strategic alliance is a collaborative arrangement between two or more organizations. According to Roth and Roychoudhury (1993:143), cooperative learning is the convenient way to support the construction of individual knowledge of the members in a variety of ways. (1995). judgement to review the suggested strategies and decide on the most appropriate for meeting the needs of their students and deliver the essential content in a resilience and wellbeing, drug education or road safety context. Reading Forum, 2, 11-19. However, it’s always a good idea to try out a new strategy or two to change things up a bit. Cooperative learning is an activity which helps students to work in groups. Here are just some of the similarities that exist between a cooperative learning and collaborative learning approach for students: Rely on active student participation rather than passive, lecture-based teaching; Students assume a degree of responsibility for their own learning Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. learning styles and strategies is valid regardless of what the learner’s first language is. However, implementing cooperative learning is not like waving a magic wand: we just say a few magic words, and whoosh everything is working great. ly define cooperative learning because of the large variety of learning settings that are regarded as facilitating cooperative learning and the differences among them. However, on the basis of information in Artzt and Newman (1990) and Sutton (1992), we propose four necessary conditions that together constitute a cooperative-learning setting: Cooperative learning and peer tutoring: Strategies for inclusive education. Cooperative Learning is a very formal way of structuring activities in a learning environment that includes specific elements intended to increase the potential for rich and deep learning by the participants. It is a low-effort, low-stakes strategy for abbreviated collaboration and active learning. In other words, cooperative learning is the pedagogy within which students are active constructors of knowledge in the learning process instead of passive receivers of any given knowledge (Liang, 2002).There are three main types of cooperative learning groups, namely informal cooperative learning groups, formal Cooperative Learning structures are content free strategies for students to engage and discuss in the classroom. The teacher can structure any academic assignment or course requirement for formal cooperative learning. In fact, in planning and executing cooperative learning, we teachers have many decisions to make. Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) 3. With the types of cooperative strategy, also include the cooperative strategy advantages and disadvantages in this article. Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. Each of the following Cooperative Learning Structures were developed by Spencer Kagan. 2. San Clemene, CA: Kagan Publishing. Learning strategies consist of “mental or behavioral activity related to some specific These structures can be used in any subject matter and any lesson you are doing. The present study illustrates the concept and procedure of the jigsaw teaching method. Establish clear group goals. Cooperative learning is a teaching method. Here are the top 10 structures that I love to use in my classroom. 20 Collaborative Learning Tips And Strategies For Teachers. Effective collaborative learning involves the establishment of group goals, as well as individual accountability. In order to hold each student accountable and to measure learning, you have to include some sort of assessment whether this is a written quiz/exam, a reflection, etc. Cooperative Learning models include the following basic principles: • Group tasks are designed to be suitable for group work. 7 Cooperative learning Students in small heterogeneous groups take roles and learn to share knowledge and tasks with one another through a variety of structures with this strategy. What is co-operative learning? There are many ways to include cooperative learning in your classroom but highlighted below are a few popular models you can adopt. Sign up today! Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. The goal of using this strategy is for students to work together to achieve a common goal. More information about Kagan’s cooperative learning structures can be found at www.kaganonline.com, or by calling 1-800-WEE-COOP. Three Types of Cooperative Learning Groups Formal Learning Groups – Groups that last several class sessions to complete units, assignments, projects Informal Learning Groups – Temporary, ad hoc groups that last for only one discussion or class period Base Groups – Permanent/stable learning … 4 | Teaching and Learning Strategies 3. Adapting teaching and learning strategies The strategies linked to learning activities are a suggestion only. Positive interdependence is the belief that students are linked together While different experts categorize these differently, common features of effective cooperative learning … Jigsaw II Cooperative Learning Techniques . Cooperative learning is an effective way for students to learn and process information quickly with the help of others. Teacher poses a question or topic for brainstorming. It arranges and mixes students of different level of ability and learning into groups. Employ Active Reading: Guiding questions for readings, ‘test’ on key concepts next day or via online quiz, have students teach each other what read, focus attention on solving a problem 4. It is essential that each student understands their cooperative learning group role. Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. Finally, cooperative learning strategies allow for more students to be actively involved in the lesson because each must contribute in order for the group to be successful. In cooperative learning, the development of interpersonal skills is as important as the learning itself. Language learning strategies are conscious or potentially conscious actions and learners can identify them in their learning process (Cohen, 1998). … Examples of Cooperative Learning Strategies & When to Use them. This keeps the group on task and establishes an unambiguous purpose. the values implicit in each, (b) the types of cooperative learning, (c) the basic elements essential for effective cooperation, (d) the research supporting the use of cooperative learning and verifying its positive influences on diversity, and (e) the implications of the Different Types of Cooperative Learning. In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. Students pair to discuss responses 4. Educators use these types of cooperative learning strategies in their classrooms because first they get the students to work together in a team and second because they are an effective way for students to learn. “A set of teaching strategies in which students with differing skills and achievement levels learn together and take responsibility for both individual and group achievement.” John Medcalf, 1995 Medcalf, J. The WHAT of teaching The HOW of teaching An Active Cooperative Learning Experience Ability Level Shoulder and Face Partners in Heterogeneous Base Teams Face Partner *Most strategies/structures adapted from: Kagan S., & Kagan, M. (2009). using cooperative learning as one of the teaching strategies. Students sit in a circle. Think-pair-share is one of the most common types of collaborating learning. There are many other types of collaborative learning, and here below are some of the most common: 6 Major Types of Collaborative Learning . Effective Instructional Strategies Chapter 8: Using Integrated Teaching Methods Cooperative Learning • Students Work Together in a Mixed-Ability Group of 4 Students to Accomplish a Task. Round Robin 1. Learning strategies are the particular approaches or techniques that learners employ to try to learn an L2. 1,Think-pair-share. “Name a type of horse.” 3. Also, it enables them to learn and teach group members. Cooperative learning strategies employ many of the following characteristics and strategies in the classroom: positive interdependence, face-to-face interaction, individual accountability, social skills, and group processing. Formal cooperative learning groups range in length from one class period to several weeks. Low/Medium Low High High Medium s • Percentage of High, Middle and Low Learners in Each Group Should Represent the Appropriate Population of Each Group in the Whole Class. Many cooperative learning tasks are put to students with both academic objectives and social skills objectives. Learning styles are the general approaches –for example, global or analytic, auditory or visual –that students use in acquiring a new language or in learning any other subject. Free for students, parents and educators. Kagan Cooperative Learning. Formal cooperative learning groups . (Johnson & Johnson, 2009, p.69). This research article is based on an experiment in an EFL class and analyses 2.2.3 Importance of Cooperative Learning. The development of social skills in group work-learning to cooperate -- is key to high quality group work. Among the cooperative learning strategies, the jigsaw learning technique has been found to be highly effective. Advantages of using cooperative learning Cooperative learning is supported by one of the strongest research traditions in education, with thousands of studies conducted across a wide range of subject areas, age groups, ability levels and cultural backgrounds. Johnson, Johnson, and Holubec’s (1998) theory has identified three types of cooperative learning groups: formal, informal, and base groups. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. 1. In the planning stage of cooperative learning, there are many large philosophical questions to —Cooperative Learning Strategies (CLS) for Students Focused Teaching (SFT), known as 'students-centered learning' (SCL), is the acknowledged pedagogical strategy. There are several features that can help these groups work well: The instructor defines the learning objectives for the activity and assigns students to groups. Also, the success of each member depends on the group’s success. 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