Abdul Rahim. endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Fresh ground spices are the order of the day in any home and will be chosen according to the nature of the dish, season, and family.The role of spices goes beyond cooking. 8. Peppercorns: Peppercorn is the most widely used spice in the world. It has been used to help digestion, reduce nausea and help fight the flu and common cold. endobj <>stream 29. endstream The Importance of Ethically Sourced Herbs and Spices in Natural Food Supplements. endstream 22. endstream endobj Despite a partially bitter taste, ajwain or carom seeds provide a whole host of health benefits. But, that not it. The antioxidant also destroys the free radicals in the body that damage the cells. endobj Jalapeno Pepper: They are a type of chilli pepper you can use them either fresh or dried. 80 0 obj endstream Cinnamon:Cinnamon is a favourite household spice which has been used throughout the world for ages. endstream Spices not just excite your taste buds but also composed of an impressive list of phytonutrients, essential oils, antioxidants, minerals and vitamins that are essential for overall wellness. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� It goes best… When Europeans heard of spices like cinnamon, pepper, ginger and vanilla they travelled to Asia to bring them home. Its time to try them and broaden your flavour palate! 5. 78 0 obj It contributes 30% GDP from 11.73 % of its arable land area. endobj It helps stimulate and create collagen, the main structural protein of your body. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ y8# endobj endstream x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� When added to your diet, these can be a good source of vitamin C, aids weight loss, lowers blood pressure and relieves congestion. 16. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French, the Spanish, and the British, all established monopoly over certain parts of spice trade. endobj endobj 102 0 obj SPICES OF INDIA (SPICES UNDER THE PURVIEW OF THE SPICES BOARD) English Common Botanical Family Partused Name Name Name as spice 1. x�+� � | Moreover, they have been found superior to almost every other natural remedy when used for autoimmune disorders. 73 0 obj 25 0 obj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� <>stream endobj INTRODUCTION. Europeans countries trade spices in Venice. endstream Scenario, Importance and Prospects of Seed Spices: A Review. Coriander: It is also known by the name cilantro or dhaniya. 30 0 obj 21. endstream Download this complete Project material titled; The Importance Of Local Spices And Herbs To The Human Health with abstract, chapter 1-5, references and questionnaire.Preview Abstract or chapter one below. <>stream Mustard seeds come from the ground and has a spicy flavour. endobj x�+� � | endobj 79 0 obj 34 0 obj Horticulture plays a significant role in Indian Agriculture. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream It is a history of lands discovered, empires built and brought down, wars won and lost, treaties signed and flouted, flavours sought and offered, and the rise and fall of different religious practices and beliefs. The research work on seed spices since long year back probably start of 20th century. Paprika promotes healthy digestion by increasing saliva and stomach acids, which help in breaking down food and making nutrients available for energy. Fibre bulks up in the colon along the intestinal tract and attracts water, thus preventing constipation. Europeans countries trade spices in Venice. 47 0 obj CHAPTER ONE. Spices such as cloves, nutmeg,ginger, turmeric, citronella, cardamom, lemon grass need to be increased very much with the growing demand for these in the world in value added form and to their health benefits. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����id������ �V ​. 107 0 obj <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream <>stream D�@�����DGb�$�'�;7"�*�Y�7y_;�!��y���hI�;]P�~���9���R����軈YuE��5!wq�? x�+� � | Social changes, including food diversification, the desire for new flavours, increasing importance of “ethnic” food and the increased importance of processed food, which Black pepper is the dried fruit of Piper nigrum L. Native of Malabar coast of South Western India; pepper is also called the King of Spices. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��[ <>stream endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Fierce competition among the giants to control the spice trade led to the colonization of India. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��\ <>stream 119 0 obj It has many vitamins and minerals which are beneficial for the body. endstream Spices were used in many different parts of the world. Blessed with appropriate soil and climate and a wide knowledge about the use of spices in foods, medicine, perfumes, etc., the country has the potential to develop into a quality market in spices. endstream Because Europeans conquer many parts of the world, spices had been found from the homeland, and brought back to Europe. <>stream Curr Inves Agri Curr Res 4(2)- 2018. 67 0 obj <>stream endstream endstream x�+� � | 134 0 obj 52 0 obj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� endobj Health Benefits Of 38 Important Spices From Around The World, Spices play a significant role in the way we cook, Every spice has its own flavoring and essence, Notable 38 different spices from around the world, Fancy An Edible Christmas Tree Made Of Chocolate? <>stream endstream endobj For example, the term "spice" is not mentioned even once in the detailed subject index of Golo Mann's ten-volume History of the World (a well-known German reference work).4 For spices are merely a perishable item of consumption. They have played a remarkable role in the traditional medicine of various countries. endstream endobj 3 0 obj 82 0 obj Black Cumin: Black cumin seed oil helps in preventing asthma, allergies, and other respiratory issues. Black pepper is the dried fruit of Piper nigrum L. Native of Malabar coast of South Western India; pepper is also called the King of Spices. 121 0 obj 83 0 obj endstream <>stream SPICES! endobj Spices have been so valued primarily for their ability to make food taste better and sometimes for a perceived ability to make people feel better and fight disease. endobj <>stream <>stream Anise: Star anise is usually used for culinary purposes in Chinese, Indian, Malaysian and Indonesian cuisines. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��_ Herbs such as ginger, black pepper, long pepper, cinnamon, coriander and turmeric are known for their alternative properties. 37 0 obj Spices as medicines, preservatives and perfumes were some of the most valuable items of trade in the ancient and medieval world. endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Nutmeg: It is a popular spice used in cooking across the world and it is also famous for its health benefits. endobj Chilli, So, whenever a combination of spices, herbs and other condiments are ground or blended together, it is called masala. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endstream endobj endstream endobj endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� 118 0 obj endstream Peppercorn are also known to balance blood pressure. x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Paprika: Peppers are used both in whole and powdered forms. � �R endstream x�+� � | Format: PDF and MS Word (DOC) pages = 65 ₦ 3,000 Pyramid age remarks about spices in Egyptian history 6000-2100 BC and the use spices in 'Mummies' as preservative. THE IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL SPICES AND HERBS TO THE HUMAN HEALTH. endstream 126 0 obj This spice is a rich source of dietary fiber. 84 0 obj endobj Sesame: This seed has a nutty taste. x�+� � | 109 0 obj <>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endobj endobj endstream endstream <>stream At the time, spices were very valuable. 46 0 obj <>stream A short summary of this paper. 115 0 obj The major exceptions to this group are the capsicums (chilli peppers, paprika), and coriander which are grown over a much wider range of tropical and non-tropical environments. <>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ y\' Spices and condiments- Definition, History, scope and importance, present status in India and Karnataka, area and production, uses, export potential and role in national economy. 56 0 obj endstream endstream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream 122 0 obj <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream Antioxidants also help delay the signs of aging. %PDF-1.4 114 0 obj Fruits and vegetables are of 1 0 obj 111 0 obj x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����id������ ��^ The major breakthrough achieved in that period was identification of cumin blight causal organism i.e. Spices have long been used in the human diet for both flavouring and health purposes. 3. Spices and Condiments (HPM 200) 3 (2+1) History, scope and importance, area and production, uses, export potential and role in national economy. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. <>stream HORTICULTURAL CROPS . x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��] <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Black Pepper - Medicinal Properties . It is native to Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����ib������ ��X <>stream 50 0 obj Garlic: It is widely used in cooking and it has been used as a medicine in ancient times because of its anti-microbial properties. Medicinal uses of spices used in our traditional culture: World wide Anupam KR Sachan, Sunil Kumar, Kiran Kumari and Deepti Singh Abstract From older times, spices had played a vital role in the lifestyle of people from certain parts of the world. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream x�+� � | <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream or. endobj <>stream <>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ yn) 2. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��V endstream endstream endobj Food and Drug Administration (2007) Chapter 5: Foods, Colors and Cosmetics Sub-Chapter 525: Condiment Industry. Pyramid age remarks about spices in Egyptian history 6000-2100 BC and the use spices in 'Mummies' as preservative. x�+� � | endstream x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� endobj They have played a remarkable role in the traditional medicine of various countries. Compliance Policy Guide 205–208. 7. endstream x�+� � | 69 0 obj <>stream <>stream 1 & 2. x�+� � | They're a powerhouse of antioxidants and are rich sources of minerals, omega-3 fatty acids, fiber and vitamins and minerals. <>stream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����id������ ��] endobj Pepper from Piper Nigrum is one of the oldest and world's most important spice. I’m happy to say….8 years later, here we are. It is has antioxidants properties which help to reduce skin damage. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream 20. x�+� � | endstream <>stream endobj x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� endobj Dill: It is used for culinary and medicinal purposes for ages now. endobj 137 0 obj endobj Ginger is an important ingredient in the traditional kadha recipe too. The Indian spices can be categorized into three main categories: The basic spices; Complimentary spices; Aromatic or secondary spices; 1. x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� endstream endobj Spices contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Spices and condiments are a major commercial crop in India, and earn a major part of foreign exchange annually. It is not only beneficial when consumed fresh, adding coriander seeds to your daily food can also be very healthy. endstream important ingredients. 24 0 obj x�+� � | It improves bad breath, helps detox the livers, helps you to sleep well and is known to improve the texture of your skin. endstream endstream It has antiseptic properties, cures throat, aids in digestion. endstream endstream Spices and herbs such as clove, rosemary, sage, oregano, and cinnamon are excellent sources of antioxidants with their high content of phenolic compounds. <>stream <>stream 3 LECTURE-1: Spices – uses – properties and classification – importance of spice industry in India Spices: Spices are those plants, the products of which are made use of as food adjuncts o add aroma and flavour (ex. x��1� w~�7�A�ѐ����.��8P�4X E��^Y.��n�j�H�oJ��$誦ݮ,xR�>�� �/��\�[����_�ig[� �\e�%�h�h��j�^*���ƙ"� Cumin: This seed has a bitter taste which is an essential part to Middle Eastern cuisines. endobj They remove harmful free radicals from the body. endobj Spices and history • Turkish control of supply routes for spices from Asia led to Portuguese and Spanish exploraon to get to India, China, Spice Islands • Portuguese, then Dutch, controlled Spice Islands (Moluccas); cloves, nutmeg, mace, black pepper nave to x�+� � | 15. endobj Viral Video Makes Everyone Drool, Christmas 2020: How To Make Mulled Wine At Home For Festive Celebrations (Recipe Video), 5 Indian Spices the British Took With Them When They Left India in 1947. According to Bureau of Indian Standards, there are 63 items under spices / condiments. <>stream https://irenamacri.com/7-herbs-spices-powerful-health-benefits endobj The Story of Star Anise: From Garam Masala to Chinese Five Spice Mix, Include These 6 Spices In Your Diet To Stay Healthy This Monsoon, Biryani To Paneer Tikka: 7 Viral Food Wars That Divided The Internet In 2020, 13 Best Vegetarian Chinese Recipes| Easy Chinese Recipes, 13 Best Vegetarian Dinner Recipes| 13 Easy Dinner Recipes, Navratri 2020:10 Delicious Recipes Made Without Onion And Garlic, Top 14 Veg Recipes Under 30 Minutes | Quick Veg Recipes, 13 Best Vegetarian Kebab Recipes | Easy Kebab Recipes, Ramadan 2020: 10 Best Iftar Snacks Recipes, 10 Best Eggless Cake Recipes | Easy Eggless Cake Recipes, Chaitra Navratri 2020 Special: 10 Best Beverages To Cool You Down, High Protein Salad: Chomp On This Egg And Moong Sprouts Salad And Make Dieting Fun, Malaika Arora's Early Christmas Celebrations Continue With Some Colourful Drinks, Diabetes Diet: How To Make Urad Dal-Methi Paratha To Manage Blood Sugar Levels, Yuzvendra Chahal Marries Dhanashree: Couple's Two-Tier Engagement Cake Is A Vision, Christmas 2020: 3 Christmas Recipes From Tamil Nadu And Kerala, Watch: How To Make Street-Style Roasted Salted Peanuts At Home This Winter, Sikh Charities Provide Hot Meals To Stranded UK Truck Drivers, Anil Kapoor Cuts 64th Birthday Cake With Wife And Actors Kiara Advani And Varun Dhawan (See Pics), THIS WEBSITE FOLLOWS THE DNPA CODE OF ETHICS. x�+� � | <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endstream <>stream <>stream endobj We Indians have a habit of spicing up our food to make it more hot and tasty. x�+� � | It improves digestion, is known to increase libido in men, promotes milk flow in mothers, helps those suffering from eating disorders and also reduces inflammation. It is also known as an effective antidepressant which keeps your body and mind relaxed and at peace. <>stream 27 0 obj endobj application/pdfdoi:10.1080/10408398.2013.858235 It is rich in fibre and may help in preventing constipation. <>stream Natasha Chopra  |  Updated: July 03, 2018 15:12 IST. Black sesame seeds are rich in vitamin B and iron35.Tabasco Pepper: Tabasco pepper is a type of hot chili pepper, which is used to make hot sauce. These seeds are rich in calcium, proteins and fibre too. Sumac: Antioxidants make sumac once of the most healthy spices to eat. 43 0 obj <>stream x�S�*� (herbs, spices, aliums, fruit, vegetables) • Have health promoting properties (antioxidant and anti-inflammatory) • Better in food/plants- studies in whole food and plant form (herb/spice) show benefit • Give plants their color, also present in white foods (garlic, onions, leeks) • Cannot get solely from fruits & vegetables Keach, L (2015). Due to their important properties, spices have become essential for culinary and medicinal proposes in several regions around the world, the trading of these spices has been an important commercial activity since ancient times and a mean of economic development (Tufail, 1990). endobj Coriander seeds have anti-oxidant properties and dietary fiber that advance the healthy working of the liver and facilitate bowel moments. It is also used in aromatherapy which provides you with many health beenfits as it helps you to cure chronic stress, reduces pain and boosts immunity. Star Anise: Star Anise is a small seed, which is star shaped, comes from evergreen tree. endobj endobj It includes 109 spices and the list of such spices given in the Table 1.1. <>stream endstream <>stream They have been the backbone of agricultural industry. endstream 66 0 obj endobj Cinnamon forms a part of many exotic dishes and is currently trending because of its ability to reduce a tummy bloat. Important Landmarks in the History of Spices at a Glance Remarks about the importance and use of spices in 6000 BC Vedic texts. <>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endobj It helps manage asthma, aids in menstrual problems and soothes dry skin. endobj x�+� � | <>stream x�+� � | It aids weight loss, and is quite beneficial for diabetic people. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream endobj <>stream 64 0 obj 116 0 obj 2. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ yA$ endstream 21 0 obj In the event that you experience some indigestion, try and add coriander seeds in your diet. It helps in digestion, has anti inflammatory properties, improves circulation, promotes dental health, enhances immunity and promotes heart health. endobj x�+� � | %���� Thus spices are an important group of agricultural goods, which are virtually indispensable in the culinary art. 71 0 obj <>stream endobj 89 0 obj <>stream It is good for your brain, relieves arthritis, prevents cancer and has healing properties. Spices contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. certain spices and herbs as dietary phytochemicals in chemoprevention of cancer diseases. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����ih������ ��W 99 0 obj 29 0 obj 31. <>stream endobj Star anise is a rich source of two important antioxidants namely linalool, an essential oil, and vitamin C that protects the body against cellular damage caused by environmental toxins. Totally about 52 kinds of different spices are grown . Ayurveda uses many spices to alter long-standing conditions by eliminating metabolic toxins. Today, we tend to underestimate their historical importance. endobj Lectures. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ y�, In ancient times, nutmegs were used for numerous remedies to improve health. endstream 25. 103 0 obj (herbs, spices, aliums, fruit, vegetables) • Have health promoting properties (antioxidant and anti-inflammatory) • Better in food/plants- studies in whole food and plant form (herb/spice) show benefit • Give plants their color, also present in white foods (garlic, onions, leeks) • Cannot get solely from fruits & vegetables Keach, L (2015). endobj 87 0 obj endstream Coriander comes packed with essential health benefits. x�+� � | As per a study done by Harvard University in 2010, black sesame seeds are rich in vitamin B and iron, and most people who have a vitamin B or iron deficiency show symptoms like hair turning gray, hearing loss and memory loss, all of which are the indicators of ageing. For instance, those who have troubled sleep can apply some warm clove oil along with sesame oil on the forehead to feel calm and relaxed. It has various health benefits, it aids in digestion, stimulates blood circulation, has anti bacterial properties and helps in weight loss too. 60 0 obj 110 0 obj Juniper Berries: They are are a type of hot chili pepper. Horseradish: It is a bitter spicy root. Not only do these powerful spices pack a punch on the taste buds, but also possibly for your health and wellness. <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream Turmeric's anti-inflammatory properties have been instrumental in treating osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. endobj Powdered paprika has many benefits and its flavor is quite mild. x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����ih������ ��\ endstream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i������ ye( CHAPTER ONE. 130 0 obj Black Pepper: A pinch of black pepper when added to any recipe enhances the flavor manifold. endstream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream 3 LECTURE-1: Spices – uses – properties and classification – importance of spice industry in India Spices: Spices are those plants, the products of which are made use of as food adjuncts o add aroma and flavour (ex. Spices and herbs are revered for their potential health attributes. endstream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����il������ ��Z endstream Its powerful antioxidants helps in removing harmful free radicals from the body and promotes a healthy being, it helps fight aging and other degenerative neurological diseases. x�+� � | 76 0 obj $�I�&�]2�o������+��_^��z���ѯ̿���������cY������{^��Ӂh:�C��?4�����[���Ч�&�zk_�mA 124 0 obj endstream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream Lectures. x�+� � | 7 0 obj <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 612 792]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 123/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream