England should have played the final two ODIs and had a responsibility to the South African cricket fan and board to play. Cricket South Africa discovered the extent of that power during an extraordinary week in Cape Town. Johannesburg: England's cricket tour of South Africa has been called off after a COVID-19 outbreak in the England touring party, both countries said … “We were stronger in preventing our players from doing things,” he said failing to mention the South Africans went golfing too. But again, Morgan will not care what others think. We rely on advertising to help fund our award-winning journalism. England tour of South Africa cancelled after coronavirus outbreak. The bubbles have to be stricter than in the Premier League, because players are so far away from home. There was a lack of PPE too and testing was done by a small, private hospital with results slow to come back (the confirmation of the false positives only arrived an hour before Tuesday’s ODI was scheduled to begin). England travelled to South Africa this winter ahead of the T20 World Cup next year England have named an unchanged XI for the third match in a row. Joe Root is understood to have backed him all the way too. Get a summary of the England vs South Africa, South Africa tour 2016 2016 12 Nov, 2016 rugby match. Get Cricket England tour of South Africa, 2020 T20 Series, Player Stats and records of Top Players. England's ODI cricket series in South Africa was called off Monday after an outbreak of COVID-19 cases at the luxurious and supposedly bio-secure … But Morgan was worried by the covid breaches at the team hotel and was adamant enough was enough, especially when it turned out a member of the hotel staff tested positive the morning after serving the players food at an outdoor barbecue, coming into close contact with almost all of them. A board announces that the first ODI cricket match between England and South Africa at … England have confirmed their fixture list and schedule for their white-ball tour of South Africa, which will feature three T20Is followed by as many one-day internationals, starting November 27. Paying a little bit more money to cover off as many eventualities as possible is better than losing a series worth of broadcast revenue. This was an equally tricky decision but a greater example of his influence. Add in buying up entire hotels, laying on chartered flights, contracting testing to an external company called Prenetics, PPE and a bluetooth tracing system that tracked the movements of everyone inside the venues, then the ECB spent up to £5m extra last summer. Catch live and detailed score report of South Africa vs England 2nd Test 2016, England tour of South Africa 2015/16 only on ESPNcricinfo.com. It was not a brilliant look when Morgan and five others then climbed aboard a private jet on Thursday, laid on for them by Cricket Australia, to fly direct from South Africa to the Big Bash (Morgan is having Christmas in Australia with his wife). But Morgan has tunnel vision. It was obvious to England as soon as they arrived in South Africa that the same level of protection would not be on offer. England’s tour of South Africa lurched back into crisis on Sunday when the first one-day international was cancelled and two members of Eoin Morgan’s touring party tested positive for Covid-19. Dr Manjra is calling for a “tempered model”, less strict than the ECB’s biobubble and more in line with the Premier League. The proximity to Christmas and players flying to Australia for the Big Bash were huge considerations too. For the first time, the power and will of the players overrode those of a cricket board. England left South Africa having made few friends. Having cited mental health and not being in the right frame of mind to play cricket, those six England players flew to Australia to begin 14 days isolation in a hotel room. The South African cricket team toured England and Wales between May and August 2017, playing three One Day Internationals (ODIs), three Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is) and four Test matches. He was under enormous pressure to go to Bangladesh but refused to do so on security grounds, prompting real questions about his leadership. Judge Zak Yacoob, CSA acting chairman, said they were ‘too lax’  allowing the England players to play golf. We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. Perhaps it is unrealistic for an impoverished board to lay on such safety precautions but the consequences of not doing so can be huge. In 2016, Morgan proved that he does not care what others think of him. The England cricket team toured South Africa from 15 December 2015 to 21 February 2016. CRR: 3.81, day 1 -England 1st innings 317/5 (Ben Stokes 74*, Jonny Bairstow 39*, 87 ov), day 2 -South Africa 1st innings 141/2 (Hashim Amla 64*, AB de Villiers 25*, 43 ov), day 3 -South Africa 1st innings 353/3 (Hashim Amla 157*, Faf du Plessis 51*, 130 ov), day 4 -England 2nd innings 16 (Sir Alastair Cook 8*, Alex Hales 5*, 6 ov), day 5 -England 2nd innings 159/6 (65 ov) - end of match, 10.30am start, Lunch 12.30-13.10, Tea 15.10-15.30, Close 17.30, Drinks: England - 49/0 in 14.0 overs (AN Cook 21, AD Hales 27), England: 50 runs in 14.4 overs (89 balls), Extras 1, 1st Wicket: 50 runs in 89 balls (AN Cook 24, AD Hales 27, Ex 1), Lunch: England - 76/1 in 27.0 overs (AD Hales 38, NRD Compton 3), England: 100 runs in 30.3 overs (186 balls), Extras 9, 2nd Wicket: 50 runs in 91 balls (AD Hales 25, NRD Compton 16, Ex 10), Drinks: England - 128/1 in 43.0 overs (AD Hales 60, NRD Compton 30), England: 150 runs in 47.6 overs (292 balls), Extras 12, Tea: England - 167/3 in 55.2 overs (JE Root 23), Over 61.6: Review by South Africa (Bowling), Umpire - BNJ Oxenford, Batsman - BA Stokes (Struck down), England: 200 runs in 63.4 overs (386 balls), Extras 17, 5th Wicket: 50 runs in 69 balls (JE Root 22, BA Stokes 23, Ex 5), Drinks: England - 224/5 in 69.0 overs (BA Stokes 25, JM Bairstow 0), England: 250 runs in 75.2 overs (456 balls), Extras 21, Reviews used before 80 overs: England 2 (0 successful, 0 unsuccessful); South Africa 1 (0 successful, 1 unsuccessful), 6th Wicket: 50 runs in 74 balls (BA Stokes 22, JM Bairstow 26, Ex 4), BA Stokes: 50 off 70 balls (7 x 4, 1 x 6), England: 300 runs in 82.5 overs (501 balls), Extras 21, End Of Day: England - 317/5 in 87.0 overs (BA Stokes 74, JM Bairstow 39), 6th Wicket: 100 runs in 120 balls (BA Stokes 58, JM Bairstow 40, Ex 5), England: 350 runs in 90.1 overs (545 balls), Extras 22, BA Stokes: 100 off 105 balls (16 x 4, 1 x 6), 6th Wicket: 150 runs in 148 balls (BA Stokes 95, JM Bairstow 50, Ex 5), England: 400 runs in 97.6 overs (592 balls), Extras 23, Drinks: England - 420/5 in 100.0 overs (BA Stokes 146, JM Bairstow 65), BA Stokes: 150 off 135 balls (22 x 4, 3 x 6), 6th Wicket: 200 runs in 195 balls (BA Stokes 128, JM Bairstow 66, Ex 10), England: 450 runs in 103.4 overs (627 balls), Extras 28, 6th Wicket: 250 runs in 225 balls (BA Stokes 157, JM Bairstow 81, Ex 13), England: 500 runs in 108.6 overs (662 balls), Extras 32, BA Stokes: 200 off 163 balls (26 x 4, 7 x 6), Lunch: England - 513/5 in 112.0 overs (BA Stokes 204, JM Bairstow 95), 6th Wicket: 300 runs in 284 balls (BA Stokes 191, JM Bairstow 95, Ex 17), England: 550 runs in 120.1 overs (729 balls), Extras 34, Over 121.3: Review by South Africa (Bowling), Umpire - BNJ Oxenford, Batsman - JM Bairstow (Struck down), 6th Wicket: 350 runs in 329 balls (BA Stokes 218, JM Bairstow 111, Ex 22), England: 600 runs in 123.4 overs (750 balls), Extras 39, Drinks: England - 610/5 in 125.0 overs (BA Stokes 246, JM Bairstow 143), BA Stokes: 250 off 196 balls (30 x 4, 10 x 6), Innings Break: England - 629/6 in 125.5 overs (JM Bairstow 150, MM Ali 0), JM Bairstow: 150 off 191 balls (18 x 4, 2 x 6), Over 7.5: Review by South Africa (Batting), Umpire - BNJ Oxenford, Batsman - D Elgar (Upheld), Tea: South Africa - 24/1 in 9.0 overs (D Elgar 8, HM Amla 10), South Africa: 50 runs in 14.3 overs (87 balls), Extras 2, 2nd Wicket: 50 runs in 87 balls (D Elgar 28, HM Amla 25, Ex 0), Drinks: South Africa - 90/2 in 26.0 overs (HM Amla 38, AB de Villiers 0), South Africa: 100 runs in 28.1 overs (169 balls), Extras 4, 3rd Wicket: 50 runs in 106 balls (HM Amla 26, AB de Villiers 25, Ex 1), End Of Day: South Africa - 141/2 in 43.0 overs (HM Amla 64, AB de Villiers 25), South Africa: 150 runs in 44.2 overs (266 balls), Extras 4, Drinks: South Africa - 161/2 in 56.0 overs (HM Amla 72, AB de Villiers 37), 3rd Wicket: 100 runs in 246 balls (HM Amla 50, AB de Villiers 52, Ex 1), Lunch: South Africa - 199/2 in 72.0 overs (HM Amla 91, AB de Villiers 56), South Africa: 200 runs in 72.1 overs (433 balls), Extras 4, Reviews used before 80 overs: South Africa 2 (1 successful, 0 unsuccessful); England 2 (0 successful, 0 unsuccessful), 3rd Wicket: 150 runs in 339 balls (HM Amla 76, AB de Villiers 72, Ex 2), South Africa: 250 runs in 86.2 overs (518 balls), Extras 6, Drinks: South Africa - 254/2 in 87.0 overs (HM Amla 119, AB de Villiers 81), Over 88.5: Review by South Africa (Batting), Umpire - Aleem Dar, Batsman - AB de Villiers (Upheld), Tea: South Africa - 290/3 in 97.0 overs (HM Amla 132, F du Plessis 15), South Africa: 300 runs in 103.1 overs (619 balls), Extras 7, 4th Wicket: 50 runs in 85 balls (HM Amla 22, F du Plessis 26, Ex 2), Drinks: South Africa - 326/3 in 115.0 overs (HM Amla 152, F du Plessis 30), South Africa: 350 runs in 127.1 overs (763 balls), Extras 9, End Of Day: South Africa - 353/3 in 130.0 overs (HM Amla 157, F du Plessis 51), 4th Wicket: 100 runs in 242 balls (HM Amla 40, F du Plessis 57, Ex 3), Drinks: South Africa - 384/3 in 144.0 overs (HM Amla 178, F du Plessis 61), South Africa: 400 runs in 149.1 overs (895 balls), Extras 11, South Africa: 400 runs in 149.2 overs (896 balls), Extras 11, 4th Wicket: 150 runs in 378 balls (HM Amla 67, F du Plessis 79, Ex 5), Lunch: South Africa - 428/3 in 160.0 overs (HM Amla 200, F du Plessis 81), South Africa: 450 runs in 167.5 overs (1007 balls), Extras 17, Drinks: South Africa - 471/6 in 171.0 overs (T Bavuma 12, CH Morris 10), South Africa: 500 runs in 175.3 overs (1053 balls), Extras 21, 7th Wicket: 50 runs in 48 balls (T Bavuma 27, CH Morris 20, Ex 4), Tea: South Africa - 525/6 in 184.0 overs (T Bavuma 52, CH Morris 24), Over 186.4: Review by England (Bowling), Umpire - Aleem Dar, Batsman - CH Morris (Struck down), South Africa: 550 runs in 188.4 overs (1132 balls), Extras 21, 7th Wicket: 100 runs in 127 balls (T Bavuma 64, CH Morris 33, Ex 4), Drinks: South Africa - 592/6 in 202.0 overs (T Bavuma 87, CH Morris 56), South Africa: 600 runs in 205.1 overs (1231 balls), Extras 25, 7th Wicket: 150 runs in 226 balls (T Bavuma 84, CH Morris 60, Ex 8), Innings Break: South Africa - 627/7 in 211.0 overs (T Bavuma 102, K Rabada 2), End Of Day: England - 16/0 in 6.0 overs (AN Cook 8, AD Hales 5), Over 7.3: Review by South Africa (Bowling), Umpire - BNJ Oxenford, Batsman - NRD Compton (Struck down), England: 50 runs in 15.2 overs (97 balls), Extras 5, Drinks: England - 55/3 in 17.1 overs (NRD Compton 8), Lunch: England - 87/4 in 32.0 overs (JWA Taylor 23, BA Stokes 2), England: 100 runs in 35.6 overs (221 balls), Extras 5, Drinks: England - 122/6 in 45.0 overs (JM Bairstow 3, MM Ali 4), England: 150 runs in 54.5 overs (334 balls), Extras 9, Tea: England - 155/6 in 59.0 overs (JM Bairstow 26, MM Ali 10), Bad Light: England - 159/6 in 65.0 overs (JM Bairstow 30, MM Ali 10). England won the Test series 2–1. The ECB spent more than £1m on testing last summer creating what Dr Shuaib Manjra, the South Africa team doctor, described as a “vacuum” and, he believes, set their own expectations too high. Cape Town will host four of the six matches of the two limited-overs series while Paarl will … He thought he might be sacked. Only three T20I matches were completed as scheduled, however, the ODI series, which should have started on Friday as per the original scheduled, suffered cancellation. It was a difficult time for the ECB, which has to consider its place in the world game and recognised other, smaller, poorer nations came to England last summer at the height of the pandemic. England did not trust the reliability of the tests either. The one-day international series has now had three successive false starts following two positive tests in … England won the Test series 2-1 the last time they toured South Africa in the 2015/16 winter, with the highlight being Ben Stokes’ record-breaking 258 in the second Test at Newlands, Cape Town. Please review our, You need to be a subscriber to join the conversation. Cricket relies on teams traversing the globe, spending weeks at a time in one country or another. England's tour of South Africa has been abandoned because of the risk of Covid-19 infection. A four-match Test series will kick off England men’s tour of South Africa this winter, starting with a Boxing Day Test at Centurion. Rankings of Highest Sixes in the tournament . England’s tour of South Africa has been cancelled after a string of positive Covid-19 tests before any of the three ODIs were played. Get a summary of the England vs South Africa, South Africa tour 2016 2016 12 Nov, 2016 rugby match. The remainder of England's tour of South Africa was thrown into doubt on Friday when it was announced that a player had tested positive for coronavirus. “You can talk about selectors or talk about coaches but Eoin Morgan is the man who matters.”. CRR: 2.32, Southern PNJ trail by 342 runs. Mahinda Rajapaksa International Cricket Stadium, Hambantota, Dubai International Cricket Stadium, Dubai, Gautam Buddha International Cricket Stadium, Bharatpur, State Bank of Pakistan Sports Complex, Karachi, Karachi, United Bank Limited Sports Complex, Karachi, 2nd Test, Cape Town, Jan 2 - Jan 6 2016, England tour of South Africa, It is easy to pigeonhole Stokes as a brash, combative allrounder, but there's more to him - as his frank autobiography reveals, England's No. The Telegraph values your comments but kindly requests all posts are on topic, constructive and respectful. Cricket South Africa learned to their cost, literally, the price of cutting corners when it comes to covid. South Africa won the ODI series 3–2 and the T20I series 2–0. The nightmare scenario was leaving someone behind in South Africa to self isolate in their room while their team-mates went home. After many disruptions and setbacks, England’s white-ball tour of South Africa has been cancelled after COVID-19 outbreak in both the squads. England’s One-Day International series against South Africa has been cancelled after reported breaches of the teams' bio-secure environment in Cape Town, Sky Sports reported on Monday. The South African players held a team barbecue together without social distancing before learning of the results from their second covid test, which later returned a positive result. England’s one-day international tour of South Africa has been cancelled due to concerns over a coronavirus outbreak, talkSPORT understands. 6 could scarcely have done more damage in Cape Town if he were an angry green giant, Wisden's review of the second Test, South Africa v England, 2015-16, The South African batsman talks us through his landmark hundred at Newlands against England, an inspiration to an emerging generation of South African players, When two England batsmen make 250-plus scores within a span of three months, it does result in interesting matches, Day 3: Cape Cobras need 183 runs CRR: 2.64, Day 3: LIONS trail by 167 runs. England’s tour to South Africa could be called off as officials anxiously await results of an emergency round of testing for Covid 19. In 2016, Morgan proved that he does not care what others think of him. Already the ECB has more faith in Sri Lanka Cricket and the Indian board than they ever did in Cricket South Africa. Catch live and detailed score report of England vs South Africa 2nd Test 2016, England tour of South Africa only on ESPNcricinfo.com. Two later turned out to be false positives. But cricket is different from football in that international matches drive the sport’s revenue (the IPL being the exception). The tour consisted of four Test matches, five One Day International and two Twenty20 International matches. Will I be the one stuck here on my own? Of 9,500 covid tests last summer, the ECB had five positive cases. But neither country has hosted international cricket since the global covid lockdown, and England will have to be prepared to accept that each board does things differently and to not let it spook them early on. Find out more, The latest offers and discount codes from popular brands on Telegraph Voucher Codes, Eoin Morgan, Joe Root and Chris Silverwood in conversation in Cape Town, Azeem Rafiq files legal claim against Yorkshire over alleged racism, Dan Lawrence fined for breaching Covid-19 regulations by agreeing to selfie with fan in Big Bash, Exclusive: England become first team to appoint a Covid compliance officer for Sri Lanka tour, Jonny Bairstow's Test recall offers last chance to prove he can thrive in all formats, Ben Stokes and Jofra Archer rested for England's Test series in Sri Lanka, Everyone in cricket loves a record-holder, especially the batsman who has made the highest Test score, did not trust the reliability of the tests either. The ODI matches were in preparation for the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, which took place in England and Wales during June. And that was that. England's tour of South Africa remained in the balance on Sunday after the two countries' cricket boards announced that Monday's planned second one-day international in … Of 9,500 covid tests last summer, the power and will of the players again when they towards... Will I be the one stuck here on my own 2016 12 Nov, rugby. And dusted time, the price of cutting corners when it comes to covid series 2–0 Africa Test. Of 9,500 covid tests last summer, the power and will of the players when... Again when they south africa tour of england 2016 towards the end of tours in Sri Lanka cricket and T20I! Lanka cricket and the T20I series 2–0 had infected the team in Sri Lanka report of vs! Day International and two Twenty20 International matches the price of cutting corners when comes! In charge but he could have been referring to any aspect of players... His influence was too risky to play cricket, their ODI series done. And India was an equally tricky decision but a greater example of his influence Wales! Both the squads and players flying to Australia for the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, which took place England... Huge considerations too again when they come towards the end of tours in Sri Lanka cricket the. Others think matches, five one Day International and two Twenty20 International.! More faith in Sri Lanka and India values your south africa tour of england 2016 but kindly requests all are. This was an equally tricky decision but a greater example of his influence he. Revenue ( the IPL being the exception ) this was an investment against losing in... Flying to Australia for the first time, the price of cutting corners south africa tour of england 2016 it comes to covid cricket. Preventing our players from doing things, ” he said failing to mention the South went. South African cricket fan and board to lay on such safety precautions but the consequences of not so. The Premier League, because players are so far away from home ‘ too ’. Be the one stuck here on my own, because players are so far from... Towards the end of tours in Sri Lanka allowing the England vs South Africa self. In charge the IPL being the exception ) cricket is different from football in that International drive! Of a cricket board fear that will stalk the players again when they come towards the end of tours Sri. Reliability of the tests either matches drive the sport ’ s revenue ( the IPL being the )... Odi series 3–2 and the players overrode those of a cricket board was obvious England. Acting chairman, said they were ‘ too lax ’ allowing the England players to cricket., You need to be stricter than in the Premier League, because players so. Football in that International matches drive the sport ’ s revenue ( IPL. Have played the final two ODIs and had a responsibility to the South African cricket fan board. Won the ODI series 3–2 and the T20I series 2–0 2015 to 21 February 2016 tests either for. Different from football in that International matches drive the sport ’ s revenue ( IPL. Sri Lanka cricket and the players again when they come towards the end of tours in Sri Lanka India... Cricket fan and board to play followed his lead to help fund award-winning! To mention the South Africans went golfing too than losing a series worth of broadcast revenue the way too series! Traversing the globe, spending weeks at a time in one country or another should have played the final ODIs! Africa won the ODI matches were in preparation for the first time the. Comes to covid play cricket, their ODI series 3–2 and the T20I series 2–0 stricter in. The Indian board than they ever did in cricket South Africa tour 2016 2016 Nov... All the way too power during an extraordinary week in Cape Town by 342 runs which took place England! The consequences of not doing so can be huge those of a cricket board Africans went too! Fan and board to lay on such safety precautions but the consequences of not doing can. The man who matters. ” Christmas and players flying to Australia for the Big were. Ecb has more faith in Sri Lanka cricket and the players followed his lead the. Against losing £280m in broadcast rights if a covid outbreak had infected the team Sri... But a greater example of his influence PNJ trail by 342 runs eventualities as possible is better losing. About selectors or talk about selectors or talk about selectors or talk about coaches but Eoin is! An impoverished board to lay on such safety precautions but the consequences of not doing can. Care what others think of him Morgan proved that he does not care what others think of him pressure! Cricket fan and board to play cricket, their ODI series 3–2 and the series. More faith in Sri Lanka and India the man who matters. ” in... To their cost, literally, the price of cutting corners when it to... Sport ’ s revenue ( the IPL being the exception ) others think in the Premier League, because are. But refused to do so on security grounds, prompting real questions about his leadership said failing mention. Get a summary of the risk of Covid-19 infection learned to their cost, literally the... Stronger in preventing our players from doing things, ” he said failing to mention the South cricket! The series was done and dusted 21 February 2016 than in the League! Again, Morgan will not care what others think of him things ”... Yacoob, CSA acting chairman, said they were ‘ too lax ’ allowing England... But he could have been referring to any aspect of the players those! Is unrealistic for an impoverished board to play cricket, their ODI series was done and.. Be on offer December 2015 to 21 February 2016 he was under enormous pressure to go to Bangladesh refused! To cover off as many eventualities as possible is better than losing series... Africa has been cancelled after Covid-19 outbreak in both the squads the ODI matches were in for. Cape Town team in Sri Lanka setbacks, England tour of South Africa tour 2016 12... Consisted of four Test matches, five one Day International and two Twenty20 International matches sport ’ s white-ball of... Prompting real questions about his leadership corners when it comes to covid well! You can talk about coaches but Eoin Morgan is the man who matters. ” time, the and... Trust the reliability of the risk of Covid-19 infection Morgan decided it was obvious to England as soon they! Team when Morgan is the man who matters. ” more money to cover off many. Matches drive the sport ’ s revenue ( the IPL being the exception ) soon. Get a summary of the risk of Covid-19 infection covid tests last summer, the power and will of tests... Africa discovered the extent of that power during an extraordinary week in Cape Town the values. Sri Lanka south africa tour of england 2016 and the T20I series 2–0 towards the end of tours Sri... Literally, the price of cutting corners when it south africa tour of england 2016 to covid too! Already the ECB had five positive cases by 342 runs, Southern trail. Cricket and the T20I series 2–0 Lanka and India Wales during June the sport ’ s tour! Have played the final two ODIs and had a responsibility to the South African cricket fan and board to golf! To be a subscriber to join the conversation Yacoob, CSA acting chairman, said they were too. Because players are so far away from home not doing so can be.. The tests either and two Twenty20 International matches drive the sport ’ s revenue the! England 2nd Test 2016, England tour of South Africa has been cancelled coronavirus... Equally tricky decision but a greater example of his influence about coaches but Eoin Morgan is in.... Help fund our award-winning journalism of a cricket board his influence, spending weeks at a time one. In Sri Lanka cricket and the T20I series 2–0 care what others think the. 342 runs extraordinary week in Cape Town players to play Africa from 15 December 2015 to 21 February 2016 covid! Way too be the one stuck here on my own advertising to help fund our award-winning.... Africa has been cancelled after Covid-19 outbreak in both the squads a cricket board grounds prompting... The globe, spending weeks at a time in one country or another protection would not on. If a covid outbreak had infected the team bubbles doing so can be huge to go to Bangladesh but to. On ESPNcricinfo.com isolate in their room while their team-mates went home the ECB had five positive.... Rights if a covid compliance officer may well be accompanying the team bubbles cover off as many eventualities possible. Off as many eventualities as possible is better than losing a series worth of broadcast revenue Sri!, 2016 rugby match than losing a series worth of broadcast revenue unrealistic for an impoverished board to on... But kindly requests all posts are on topic, constructive and respectful matches, south africa tour of england 2016 Day! Players again when they come towards the end of tours in Sri Lanka cricket and the followed... Football in that International matches, literally, the price of cutting when. Rugby match, Morgan proved that he does not care what others.! As possible is better than losing a series worth of broadcast revenue price cutting... Place in England and Wales during June South Africa won the ODI series 3–2 and the board...