Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Some varieties of Japanese plum trees require another tree for pollination. Japanese Varieties. One of the earliest blooming fruit trees, it flowers in late winter into the early spring with a multitude of aromatic, white blossoms. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. This can can help plump up the roots. Cultivation. It’s better to water during the day, since nights tend to be much cooler. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. Simply sprinkle a handful of fertilizer around the base of the plum and water in well. Don't plant it in a lawn or with other plants that require frequent irrigation. The strong similarities between wild and domestic trees, and between the descriptions of ancient writers and observations today make this fruit tree noted for its remarkable consistency. Cultivated Plum tree varieties trace back to the beginning of human history, and Plum remains have been discovered in archeological sites back to the Stone Age. Allow the tree to reach its mature height. Good choices for companion pollinating plum trees are, of course, another Satsuma or one of the following: This plum varietal will reach a height of about 12 feet (3.7 m.). Japanese plum flavor ranges from sweet to tart. Sign up for our newsletter. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. Then, slowly scoop in a few shovelfuls of soil. As mentioned, Satsuma Japanese plum tree produces fruit that is most commonly eaten fresh. Use aged manure, compost, leaf mold or similar material. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. Semi-dwarfing size are easy to harvest, prune, and maintain. We are looking at a tree at Richard Ardoin's house in Eunice La. Cultivation. Good circulation around the tree helps prevent disease, and you’ll need space to harvest and prune. $79.99 $ 79. Consider growing plums as fans against a south-, south-west or west-facing wall or fence in less favourable situations. Pruning: Japanese Plum Trees If you have a Japanese variety, the best pruning method is to create an “open center” shape, where the central trunk is cut short and several large branches radiate outwards from it’s tip. Then, fill the remainder of the planting hole with soil. To find out the pH of the soil in your garden, contact your local agriculture extension office for information on having a soil analysis test performed. The two primary varieties of plums that are most common in our diet today, Prunus domestica (European Plums) and the Prunus salicina (Japanese Plums) are not found in nature at all, but rather are a human creation. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture. After they establish themselves in your garden, your loquat only requires minimal maintenance throughout the growing season. When your Stark Bro’s bare root tree arrives, our professionals have already pre-pruned your tree for you. These trees are hardy and many are also self-fertile. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. One inch (2.5 cm.) Broken, diseased, or dead branches are typically removed in order to prevent decay-producing fungi from infecti… Space the two holes (you need two trees for pollination, remember) about 20 feet (6 m.) apart so they have room to spread. Perfect Plants Scarlet Beauty Plum Tree Live Plant, Produces Fruit, 4-5ft, Includes Care Guide. On Citation Rootstock which is tolerant of wet soil, induces early dormancy in dry soil, is very winter hardy, resists root knot nematodes, and produces a 12'-18' tree. japanese plum tree. Roots spread in planting hole. Japanese plum trees are more delicate as well and require temperate conditions. Suggested uses. The plums are the most commonly eaten fresh plum thanks to their juicy, sweet taste. Plum trees are also susceptible to Japanese beetle attacks. Prunus japonica, Japanese bush cherry; This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with the same common name (vernacular name). Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. GENERAL CARE Never prune Plums from March through to July, instead Summer prune to control vigour and shape. Spread the soil in and around the roots of the Japanese plum tree using your hands. Given suitable growing conditions, a mature tree can produce as much as two to three bushels of plums … Prunus mume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus.Its common names include Chinese plum, Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot.The flower, long a beloved subject in the traditional painting and poetry of East Asia and Vietnam, is usually called plum blossom. This will eliminate any air pockets around the root system. Fill the hole in halfway with soil and water in. Most Japanese plum varieties need a pollinator tree of a different type in order to set fruit. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Sunlight. Japanese plum trees grow vigorously and require high pruning and fruit thinning. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! How To Plant, Prune, Fertilize, Water And Care For A Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus) Posted by Brent Wilson on 9/29/2016 to Fertilizing & Watering Tips When planted right and in the right spot, Japanese Plum Yews, scientifically known as Cephalotaxus harringtonia , are exceptionally easy to grow. Pour enough water into the planting hole to fill it. Plum trees produce fruit laterally on the same side branch for many consecutive years. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. Over the first weeks, water regularly as long as it doesn’t freeze. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping , unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. Only 12 left in stock - order soon. Our productive Japanese plum trees bear fruit with wonderful, unique flavor. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree in blossom image by Maria Brzostowska from, Sunset Plant Finder: Information on Plum Varieties, National Gardening Association: Planting Plum Trees, University of Georgia: Growing Plum Trees. Loquat plum trees prefer warm climates, and they do best in USDA zones 8 to 10. If you are planting more than one Japanese plum tree, make sure to dig the planting holes approximately 15 to 20 feet apart from one another. Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. Thin the plums down to about 4 to 6 inches apart from one another. Caring for Your Loquat Tree. Japanese plums have deep red, dark purple, or golden yellow skins with firm juicy flesh that can range in color from yellow to red and are delicious eaten fresh out of hand. Because of this, you DO NO… Trees … According to the National Gardening Association, you should plant plum trees with the graft union 1 inch above the soil line. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Her work appears on various websites. Avoid planting in frost pockets. Adaptable, reliable producers, compact in habit and minimally maintained compared to other fruit trees, plum trees are a welcome addition to the home garden. 99. If you want a juicy plum to eat right off the tree, the choice is most likely a Satsuma Japanese plum tree. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Japanese plum growing is hardy to USDA growing zones 6-10. If the root system of the bare-root Japanese plum appears dried out, soak it in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to one hour prior to planting. Plums are usually trained as an open-centred bush tree with a clear stem of 75cm (2½ft). A "Bruce" plum tree is similar to most fruit trees in that it does best when planted in full sun. Tree forms. In the summer of the first year, cut the vigorous shoots that form on the top of the tree by two or three buds. The tree might also do well in a partially shady planting site, but it might affect the fruiting phase. Once plum fruit appear in summer, thin out the plums to help prevent limbs from breaking due to excess weight. Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. They must be pruned lightly during the growing season so that the tree acquires the desired shape. Prunus salicina 'Lizzie' (Japanese plum 'Lizzie') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 5-10 years. Apply 1 pound (0.5 kg.) The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. [1] Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. Water the Japanese plum tree, letting the water run slowly so it can soak down to the roots. Incorporate into the soil you extracted from the planting hole 1 to 2 cubic feet of an organic matter. 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By pruning you can keep your tree at any height. This will aid in drainage and add necessary nutrient into the soil.