He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce —died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great.. In his time, he was able to conquer great Persian Empire and many other empires that were relatively smaller. If the Greek people couldn’t do it, then it fell into the lap of their northern neighbors the Macedonians. He was the first great conqueror who reached Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Asia. Alexander, born in 356BCE, was the son of Phillip II (382-336BCE), the King of Macedonia in northern Greece. The Persian wars have been the subject of a great deal of scholarly endeavour. C as a child he lived in … ...” in History if you're in doubt about the correctness of the answers or there's no answer, then try to use the smart search and find answers to the similar questions. He is famous for having created ethnic fusion between the Macedonians and the Persians. After a relatively long war, Macedonia won out and became the most powerful city state in Greece and was basically the one that controlled everyone else. Answers. Macedonian dominance of Greece, could have very well collapsed, it not for the succession of Philips' son, Alexander the Great. How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? In just a few years, from 334-330 BC, Alexander would conquer the largest empire the world had known and establish his empire that eventually stretched from Greece to India. It was forced to relinquish most of its territorial acquisitions in Macedonia to Serbia and Greece, Adrianapole to the Ottoman Empire, and the region of Southern Dobruja to Romania. Macedonian Wars, (3rd and 2nd centuries bc), four conflicts between the ancient Roman Republic and the kingdom of Macedonia. The ability of a person to enter a different social class within his or … Under the reign of Philip II (359–336 BC), the kingdom of Macedonia, initially at the periphery of classical Greek affairs, came to dominate Ancient Greece in the span of just 25 years, largely thanks to the personality and policies of its king. Why Did The Persian Army Fail To Conquer Mainland Greece in 480 B.C.? Early life and accession In the partition of Alexander’s empire among the Diadochi, Macedon fell to the Antipatrid Dynasty, which was headed by Antipater and his son, Cassander. Alexander was governed by divine ambition to conquer the world and create a universal world monarchy. Athens and Macedonia had previously fought over who would control northern Greece. 5. Philip II, king of Macedonia, conquered Greece • Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire and parts of Central Asia. By 336 B.C., after little more than two decades on the throne, Philip had transformed Macedonia from a struggling backwater into an imperial superpower. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. C) a long cycle of warfare left all of Greece vulnerable to attact. Philip used … As both Phillip II and Alexander called themselves Hellenes and their names and Language and religion was Greek. In 336 BC, plans to conquer the Persian Empire came to an abrupt end by the sword of an assassin. Macedonia did expand and conquer parts of Greece like Thessaly, but most of the rest it simply wanted to unite in the Hellenic league to get revenge on Persia for having attacked Greece. (And considered a barbarian by the southern Greek city states). How was he able to turn Macedon into a formidable military and political power? Ancient Macedonia … The two Balkan wars greatly destabilized Bulgaria, stopping its hitherto steady economic growth, and leaving 58,000 dead and over 100,000 wounded. They were successful in Uniting Greece to take on the Persian Empire. Select all that apply. He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / (); Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. Find an answer to your question “How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? Phillipe did not conquer Greece but rather with Alexander were Successful to Unite Greece under one government. Why did king Phillip II of Macedonia take an int erst in conquering Greece? By 338 BC he had conquered the southern mainland, save Sparta, and was essentially King of all Greece. to 323 B.C. The First Macedonian War (215–205 When Thebes broke their word and left the league their sentence--to be destroyed as affirmed by the Hellenic league. For a long time, Greece considered Macedonia a backwater, but the kingdom of Macedonia was eventually able to rise up and conquer Greece, and then much of the known world! The Greeks would not be able to conquer an empire without someone to unify them first. Macedonia conquered all of Greece. Macedonia was able to take control of all of greece in the 340s BC because.. A) the Persian Empire had soundly defeared Athens and Sparta. Alexander, then, is seen as one of the greatest conquerors of all time because, in only 13 years as king, he was able to conquer an empire of over 2 million square miles that stretched from Greece, through the Middle East, to Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Phillip created a powerful, professional army which forcibly united the fractious Greek city-states into one empire. Macedon, or Macedonia, was the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. D) Xerxes was a brilliant connander of the Macedonian army. In a span of his reign, which lasted for twelve years, alexander the great had made the biggest empire known as Macedonia that stretched from Greece to the current Pakistan. B. through the reign of several kings. Macedonia basically did. With Alexander the Great, Macedonia would come to conquer many lands and usher in the Hellenistic age in the region. They caused increasing involvement by Rome in Greek affairs and helped lead to Roman domination of the entire eastern Mediterranean area. One particular element of discussion involves the search for the explanation as to how the massive Persian army came to be decisively defeated by a meagre federation of small city-states. Causes of the Peloponnesian War Effects of the Peloponnesian War 3.Which were important characteristics of Sparta's government? Athens and Sparta formed opposing alliances. We find the following references used to describe Macedonia and Greece: "In a speech delivered at Sparta in 210 the Aetolian Claeneas, appealing for Spartan collaboration in the Roman alliance against Macedonia, is said by Polybius (ix, 28, ) to have opened with the truism: They crushed Athens and her allies at the Battle of Chaeronea. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. A Philip grew interested in the Thebans' strength and vowed to conquer them B Philip wished to gain control of the Theban army, know as the ' scared band of 300 Thebans." Philip II. Likewise, how did Alexander gain control of all of Greece? Remember that the Greek space in the ancient world was bigger than mainland Greece. After his father assassination Philip II in 336 BC, young Alexander took control of the kingdom his father left. History, 23.07.2019 18:00. The Persian Wars took place between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE. A. Oligarchs were able to hold a lot of power in government. The son of Macedonia's King Amyntas III and his wife, Eurydice, Philip II was born in either 383 or 382 B.C. A young Philip II spent his early life in Thebes learning how to fight from one … Macedonia, a small kingdom in northern Greece, established a growing empire from 359 B.C. The counterpart to this question is 'why was Alexander and his army able to conquer the Achaemenid Empire'- Macedon was a much, much smaller kingdom that was a former client state of the Achaemenids whose history generally consisted of fratricidal warfare, fighting petty local kings technically under their authority, and fighting back various non-Greek polities along their borders. Following Cassander’s death in 297 BCE, Macedon slid into a … How and why did Philip II conquer Greece between 359 and 338 B.C.E.? B) a terrible plague had weakened Athens and Sparta. Questions in other subjects: Biology, 23.07.2019 18:00. While the Persians didn’t conquer all the Greek city states, they did conquer most of it and control a fair bit of it for some time. The Spartan army laid siege to the city of Athens. In the public's mind, few well-known conquerors in history match the exploits of Alexander the Great. After the battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly policy. After consolidating his power in Macedonia and putting down revolts in Greece, notably at Thebes, he turned his attention to the Persian Empire. Why was Son, Alexander the Great Greece, could have very well collapsed, it for. Xerxes was a brilliant connander of the Peloponnesian War Effects of the army!, Asia Minor, and leaving 58,000 dead and over 100,000 wounded 100,000 wounded 23.07.2019 18:00 Language and religion Greek. Erst in conquering Greece in other subjects: Biology, 23.07.2019 18:00 dominant of. 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